Malaysia, including Malaysia Borneo, is one of the most bio-diverse countries in Asia with over 2000 endemic (native) species. However, most of the Malaysian wildlife is under threat, but to what level? Currently, the top 5 endangered animals are Malayan tiger, Malayan tapir, Bornean Orangutan, Asian Elephant and Black Shrew.
The Red List of Threatened Species
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is the world’s oldest and largest global environmental organisation. And it maintains a “Red List of Threatened Species”, the world’s most comprehensive list of endangered species. The Red List utilizes scientific approach and rigour to convey accuracy and urgency of conservation issues to the public, researchers and policy makers. Currently, the Red List categorises animal species into seven threat levels: least concern, near threatened, vulnerable, endangered, critically endangered, extinct in the wild, and extinct.