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MALAYAN TIGER
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KEY FACTS Population Trend: Decreasing ↓
IUCN Status: Critically Endangered
around 80-120 mature individuals left in the wild

Scientific namePanthera tigris jacksoni / Panthera tigris malayensis

Size: 2.3 – 2.6m

Found in: Peninsular Malaysia

Habitat: Tropical and subtropical forest, shrubland, grassland

Diet: Wild boar, deer, bearded pigs, sun bear, young elephant calf

Litter size: 2-5 cubs

Average Life-expectancy in the wild: up to 20 years

Did you know?
Tiger cubs are born blind. Their eyes peek open between 6–12 days after birth, and they gain full vision after 2 weeks.

DESCRIPTION

The Malayan Tiger is one of the smallest tiger species found throughout the southern and central parts of the Malay Peninsula and southern parts of Thailand. It is the national symbol of Malaysia. In fact, it was only recognised as a tiger subspecies in 2004. In the past, the Malayan tiger and Indochinese tiger were thought to be the same. The body of this species is orange-coloured with thin black stripes that perfectly conceals its motive in the background when stalking prey or retreating into seclusion and safety.

Like all tiger species, the Malayan tiger is a solitary animal, although they can be seen in numbers during the mating period (November – March) when females go into heat. During this period, females usually leave their scents to communicate their availability to potential mates. In contrast, the males use scent to mark their territory. Additionally, they can also communicate using different vocalisations – chuffs, moans, growls and roars.

With only a few hundred Malayan tigers in the wild, Malaysia is on the brink of losing its only tiger species. And the world is closer to losing another of its tiger subspecies. To date, 3 tiger subspecies have gone extinct: the Bali tiger, the Caspian tiger, and the Javan tiger. Habitat loss and fragmentation are leading causes that can bring prey shortages resulting in the decline in tiger numbers in the wild. Tigers typically have a larger home range, but with the current rate of deforestation and urbanisation, they are being forced to retreat in fragmented patches of forest. Perhaps, it is not surprising that human-tiger conflict has risen dramatically in the past couple of years. Other threats to the surviving Malayan tiger population include illegal poaching and hunting for its body parts.

Learn more about Malayan tigers.

RAINFOREST EXPERIENCE IN MALAYSIA

 VOLUNTEERING

Go Jungle Trekking for Conservation in one of the Oldest Rainforest Ecosystems, next to Taman Negara. Poaching plays a large part in the demise of Malaysian wildlife. So you will help to reduce this by taking part in anti-poaching patrols in the Sungai Yu wildlife corridor.

INTERNSHIPS

We offer a wide range of internships for young graduates and budding conservationists. Practically, these allow you to gain valuable work experience and CV skills. Our project locations are generally in the tropical rainforest or on paradise islands. The minimum stay is 3 months.

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WILD HABITAT RESTORATION, BORNEO

The lower Kinabatangan floodplains are abundant in wildlife, such as Orangutan, Pygmy elephants and Sun bears. You can spend time not just admiring this amazing landscape, but helping to protect it by restoring habitats and conducting wildlife population surveys.

WILD ELEPHANT SAFARI, MALAYSIA

WILD ELEPHANT SAFARI, MALAYSIA

Travel to the depths of the rainforest to encounter the herds of wild Asian elephants that roam the jungle. You will be in the company of an outstanding guide and conservationist and staying at a remote ecolodge, nestled among the high trees on the bank of a river.

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